PERUBAHAN PENAMAAN OBYEK PADA PENDERITA AFASIA WERNICKE (KASUS: MR. D)

Mutiara Indah Nirmala Dewi

Abstract


Abstract: Aphasic patient generally shows deficiency in language production, such as objects naming aspects. The name of an object that was been known, and the patient has comprehension about it, caused by aphasia, the name of object is loss. This article discuss about object naming of language production of Wernicke aphasia patient Mr. D. The research method used is case study with data collected using method of observation, interview, record and written data. The result shows that several deviations  of words according to object naming  in Indonesian language. The result research shows that word of objects name or numbers of objects around the home (indoors and outdoors) are difficult to be spoken, also in  personal naming are not accuratelay spoken. 

Keywords:  Wernicke aphasia, objects naming, language defficiency

Abstrak: Penderita afasia memiliki beberapa kekurangan bahasa, salah satu diantaranya adalah kesulitan dalam penamaan suatu obyek ((object naming). Nama suatu obyek, walaupun sebelumnya sudah dikenal dan dihafal di luar kepala, namun dengan akibat dari satu hal bisa  menjadi pengurangan daya ingat khususnya penamaan obyek. Artikel ini membahas kesulitan dalam penamaan suatu obyek (object naming) pada penderita afasia Wernicke pada Mr.D. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah studi kasus dan  proses pengumpulan data menggunakan metode libat, cakap, rekam, catat. Hasil pengamatan yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa pasien Mr.D mengalami kesulitan menyebutkan beberapa kata yang berhubungan dengan obyek benda di sekitar tempat tinggal, maupun nama-nama orang baik di dalam rumah maupun di luar rumah.

Kata kunci: afasia Wernicke, penamaan objek, penyimpangan bahasa


Full Text:

PDF

References


Cahana-Amitay D Jenkins T. 2008. “Working memory and discourse production in people with aphasia 6”. Journal of Neurolinguistics. Vol 48 (90-103).Doi:10.1016/j.jneuroling. 2018.04.007.

Chaer, Abdul. 2007. Linguistik Umum. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Goodglass, H., Kaplan, E., and Barresi, B., (2001) The Assessment of Aphasia and Related Disorders, Third Edition, Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

Harras, Kholid A. dan Bachari, Andika Dutha. 2009. Dasar-dasar Psikolinguistik. Bandung: UPI Press.

Kasselimus DS, Simos PG, Economou A, Peppas C Evdokimidis I, Potagas C. 2013. “Are memeory deficits dependent on the presence of aphasia in left brain demaged patients?”. Neuropsychologia. Vol 51(9): 1773-6. Doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.06.003. PMID 23770384.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 2008. Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Lisnawati, Lis. 2009. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Budaya via educare.e-fkipunla.net, diakses 24 Agustus 2009.

Martin N, Ayala, J. 2004. “Measuements of auditory-verbal STM span in aphasia: effects of item, task and lexical impairment. Brain and Language. Vol 89 (3): 464-83. Doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2003.12.004.PMID 15120538.

Minkina I, Martin N, Spencer KA, Kendall DL. 2018. “Links between Short-term memory and word retrieval in Aphasia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Vol 27 (1S): 379-391.

Murray, LL. 2012. “Attention and Other Cognitive Deficits in Aphasia: Presence and Relation to Language and Communication Measures”. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology. Vol 21 (2): S51-64. Doi: 10.1044/1058-0360(2012/11-0067. ISSN: 1058-03. PMID: 22230179.

Setiadji, V. Sutarmo. 2012. Otak, Beberapa Fungsinya, Belajar, Berbahasa, Berpikir, Mengingat. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Thoriqussu’ud, Muhammad. 2007. Pengantar Psikoliguistik. Surabaya: Penerbit Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel.

Wall KJ, Cumming TB, Copland DA. 2017. “Determining the association between Language and Cognitive Tests in Poststroke Aphasia. Frontiers in Neurology. Vol 8(149). Doi: 10.3389/fneur.2017.00149. PMC 5418218. PMID 28529495.

https://www.aphasia.org/aphasia-definitions/didonlot 31 Des 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/ensains.v3i2.428

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. View My Stats