LANSKAP SEBAGAI PROSES DAN PRODUK (LANSKAP BUDAYA, LANSKAP PERKOTAAN, DAN LANSKAP PERKOTAAN BERSEJARAH)

Husna Izzati, Ikaputra Ikaputra

Abstract


Abstract: The etymological meaning of the word landscape needs to be studied as a basis for conducting further research. In the extension of this meaning, the semantics of landscape need to be studying as a strategy to choose the right term. The purpose of this study is to collect and analyse the suitable theories in discussing landscape as the processes and landscape as the products. This study focuses on the context of the landscape and the development of the meaning of landscape, in terms of its relationship to nature and culture, which proceeds through the urban landscape. One of the components that make up the urban landscape is the history of the city. The methode of the study are using the literature review by collecting various theories related to the context of the discussion, to be further analyzed and described as a well-structured discussion. This study approach also use a case study method by focusing on Braga Area, to find out how and why a historic urban landscape can become an influential concept in shaping the urban landscape. Historic urban landscape can be seen as a process by studying how interactions are formed with the surrounding area, while as a product, historic urban landscape can be seen in the image of the city that is formed.

Abstrak: Makna dari kata lanskap secara etimologi perlu dipelajari sebagai dasar dalam melakukan sebuah penelitian lanjutan. Dalam perkembangan makna tersebut, semantik dari lanskap juga menjadi pertimbangan dalam memilih penggunaan istilah yang tepat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menemukan teori yang tepat dalam membahas lanskap sebagai proses dan lanskap sebagai produk. Kajian ini fokus kepada konteks lanskap dan rekayasa pengembangan dari makna lanskap, ditinjau dari hubungannya dengan alam dan budaya, yang berproses melalui lanskap perkotaan. Salah satu komponen pembentuk lanskap perkotaan adalah sejarah kota tersebut. Kajian ini menggunakan metode literatur review dengan mengumpulkan berbagai teori yang berhubungan dengan konteks pembahasan, untuk selanjutnya dianalisis dan di deskripsikan sebagai satu kesatuan pembahasan yang tersusun dengan baik. Pendekatan kajian ini juga menggunakan metode studi kasus dengan mempelajari lokus Kawasan Braga Kota Bandung untuk mengetahui faktor bagaimana dan mengapa sebuah lanskap perkotaan bersejarah dapat menjadi sebuah konsep yang berpengaruh dalam membentuk lanskap perkotaan. Lanskap perkotaan bersejarah dapat dilihat sebagai proses dengan mempelajari bagaimana interaksi yang dibentuk dengan kawasan sekitarnya, sedangkan sebagai produk, lanskap perkotaan bersejarah dapat dilihat pada citra kota yang dibentuknya.

Keywords


landscape, cultural landscape, historic urban landscape

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/arcade.v6i1.947

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Department of Architecture, Universitas Kebangsaan,  Jl. Terusan Halimun No.37, Lkr. Sel., Lengkong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40263. E-mail address: jurnalarsitekturarcade@gmail.com

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