KAJIAN SOUNDSCAPE DI RUANG PUBLIK TERBUKA TENGAH KOTA PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 (STUDI KASUS: TAMAN CATTLEYA, TOMANG, JAKARTA BARAT)

Bambang Heryanto, Mona Anggiani, Ashri Prawesthi

Abstract


Abstract: Urban public spaces are public spaces that are visited by many urban residents with all the activities they can do. In the urban public space, various kinds of voices or sounds fill this space. Voices can be heard from any room or place in the city. The natural environment, humans, and mechanical equipment produce sound landscapes or soundscapes in the city space air. In urban public spaces, activities carried out by humans can produce artificial sound, while natural activities produce natural sound. The purpose of this study is to describe and explore the sound landscape in urban public space. This research was conduct on holidays, by observing various types of sounds and voices, the distribution of sources, time, and strength of sounds and voices to achieve the research objectives. Found that after the observation, in the open public space of Cattleya Tomang Park, West Jakarta, the results of mechanical sound sources came from the roar of motorized vehicles and the sound of construction work was more dominant than natural sounds that came from humans, trees, and animals. Research on soundscapes in urban public spaces is expected to be a basis for consideration in designing urban public spaces so that public spaces can be enjoyed more by city residents who use them.                                 

Abstrak: Ruang publik kota merupakan ruang publik yang banyak dikunjungi oleh warga kota dengan segala kegiatan yang bisa dilakukan. Di dalam ruang publik kota, berbagai ragam suara atau bunyi mengisi ruang ini. Bentang suara dapat didengar dari berbagai ragam ruang atau tempat di kota. Alam lingkungan, manusia, maupun peralatan mekanik memproduksi bentang suara atau soundscape di udara ruang kota. Di ruang publik kota, kegiatan yang dilakukan oleh oleh manusia dapat menghasilkan bunyi, sementara kegiatan alami menghasilkan suara. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan dan mengeksplorasi bentang suara yang berada di ruang publik kota. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada hari libur, dengan mengobservasi berbagai macam jenis bunyi dan suara, sebaran sumber, waktu, dan kekuatan bunyi dan suara untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian. Didapati setelah pengamatan, pada ruang publik terbuka Taman Cattleya Tomang, Jakarta Barat, hasil sumber bunyi mekanik berasal dari deru mesin kendaraan bermotor dan bunyi pekerjaan konstruksi pembangunan gedung lebih dominan dibandingkan dengan suara alami yang datang dari manusia, pepohonan, maupun hewan. Penelitian soundscape di ruang publik kota ini diharapkan dapat menjadi dasar pertimbangan dalam perancangan ruang publik kota agar ruang publik lebih dapat dinikmati oleh warga kota yang memanfaatkannya.  


Keywords


open public space, sound, voice, soundscape, urban soundscape.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/arcade.v5i2.574

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Department of Architecture, Universitas Kebangsaan,  Jl. Terusan Halimun No.37, Lkr. Sel., Lengkong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40263. E-mail address: jurnalarsitekturarcade@gmail.com

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