TRANSFORMASI RUANG HUNIAN TRANSMIGRAN BALI AKIBAT AKULTURASI DI DESA BASARANG JAYA, KALIMANTAN TENGAH

Herwin Sutrisno, Theresia Susi

Abstract


Abstract: Balinese transmigrants in Basarang Jaya Village, Central Kalimantan indirectly brought their tradition and culture. The meeting of Balinese culture elements with the local culture elements (the Dayak Ngaju tribe) has caused acculturation in the village. In the point of view of architecture, such acculturation is implemented in the residence of Balinese transmigrants in the form of changes or adjustments based on the characteristics of both cultures, and one of the examples is the transformational changes in the Balinese residences. This research aims to identify the physical transformation of Balinese residences that happened because of acculturation in Basarang Jaya. This research employed the qualitative descriptive research, and the data were collected from field observations, documentation, and in-depth interviews with key resources and residential owners. The result has shown that the kind of transformation occurring at Balinese residences in Basarang Jaya Village is the transformation in the residences’ basic form, masses, and room elements.

Keyword: Spatial transformation, balinese residence, Basarang Jaya

Abstrak: Transmigran Bali yang berpindah ke Desa Basarang Jaya, Kabupaten Kapuas, Kalimantan Tengah secara tidak langsung membawa serta tradisi dan budayanya. Bertemunya unsur-unsur budaya yang dibawa oleh transmigran Bali dengan unsur-unsur budaya masyarakat lokal (suku Dayak Ngaju) menyebabkan terjadinya akulturasi di Desa Basarang Jaya. Dari segi arsitektur, akulturasi tersebut terimplementasi pada hunian transmigran Bali. Dalam hunian transmigran Bali terjadi berbagai perubahan atau penyesuaian antara budaya yang mereka bawa dengan lingkungan tempat tinggalnya, salah satunya tampak pada transformasi ruang hunian transmigran Bali. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi transformasi ruang hunian yang terjadi pada hunian transmigran Bali akibat akulturasi di Desa Basarang Jaya. Metode penelitian yang dipergunakan adalah kualitatif deskriptif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pengamatan di lapangan, dokumentasi dan wawancara mendalam dengan nara sumber. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa transformasi hunian yang terjadi pada hunian transmigran Bali di Desa Basarang Jaya adalah perubahan bentuk hunian berupa perubahan bentuk dasar hunian, perubahan massa hunian dan perubahan jenis ruang.

Kata Kunci: Transformasi Ruang, Hunian Transmigran Bali, Basarang Jaya


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/arcade.v4i1.347

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Department of Architecture, Universitas Kebangsaan,  Jl. Terusan Halimun No.37, Lkr. Sel., Lengkong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40263. E-mail address: jurnalarsitekturarcade@gmail.com

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