PROPORSI PADA KARYA DESAIN BANGUNAN TADAO ANDO DALAM KONTEKS GEOMETRI

Soraya Masthura Hassan, Armelia Dafrina

Abstract


Abstract: Proportion is one of the elements in the most basic geometric context in the process of designing an architectural work and is also one of the creativity-triggering instruments for an architect. The proportion concerns the ratio - ratio - of the geometric shape within an architectural composition. This study examines the pattern of proportions by Ando in the process of architecture to create a building, which characterizes the architecture of an Ando during his career. In this research, the content analysis method is used at several stages of research that is in the stage of finding Tadao Ando geometry design concept which is done through the textual study from several written sources and on the study of the intertextual study of the whole research samples in the form of Tadao Ando's works. this precedent method will be used in the analysis of the formative study stage, where an analysis of the work drawings such as the floor plan is performed and appears using the general theory of proportion and geometry as the basis for searching for proportions in the geometrical context of Ando's works. From the findings the ratio of proportions can be summed up several things: the dimension of length is a multiple or a derivative of the dimensions of width, width: the length where a: (x) a and (x) a: (x) a, x is a multiplier unit (0.5, 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, and 4)
Keywords: Proportion, Geometric, Tadao Ando

Abstrak: Proporsi merupakan salah satu elemen dalam konteks geometri yang paling mendasar di dalam proses perancangan suatu karya arsitektur dan juga merupakan salah satu instrumen pemicu kreatifitas bagi seorang arsitek. Proporsi menyangkut perbandingan – rasio – dari bentuk geometri di dalam suatu komposisi arsitektur. Penelitian ini mengkaji pola proporsi yang dilakukan oleh Ando dalam proses berarsitektur guna menciptakan suatu bangunan, yang mencirikan arsitektur seorang Ando selama perjalanan karirnya. Pada penelitian ini, metode analisis isi digunakan pada beberapa tahap penelitian yaitu pada tahap menemukan konsep desain geometri Tadao Ando yang dilakukan melalui kajian tekstual dari beberapa sumber tertulis dan pada kajian intertekstual pendeskrisian secara keseluruhan sampel penelitian yang berupa bangunan-bangunan karya Tadao Ando. motede preseden ini akan digunakan pada analisis tahap kajian formatif, dimana dilakukan analsis pada gambar kerja seperti denah, dan tampak dengan menggunakan teori umum dari proporsi dan geometri sebagai dasar penulusuran untuk menemukan proporsi dalam konteks geometri pada karya-karya Ando. Dari temuan rasio proporsi dapat disimpulkan beberapa hal yaitu: dimensi panjang merupakan kelipatan atau turunan dari dimensi lebar, lebar : panjang dimana a : (x)a dan (x)a : (x)a, x adalah unit kelipatan (0.5, 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2, 3, dan 4)
Kata Kunci: proporsi, geometri, tadao ando

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ching, F.D.K. (2007). Architecture Form, Space and Order,Third Edition. John Wiley and Sons. Inc, New York.

Dal Co, F. (1997). Tadao Ando: Complete Works. Phaidon Press.

Furuyama, M. (1996). Tadao Ando. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, Boston, Berlin.

Hien, P. T. (1998). Abtraction and transcendence: Nature, Shitai and Geometry in the Architecture of Tadao Ando (Abstract). Departement of Architecture of the Collage of Design, Architecture, Art and Planning of the University of Cincinnati.

Krier, R. (1988). Architectural Composition. Rizzoli International Publications. Inc, New York.

Kobayashi, K. (1994). Currents in Contemporary Japanese Architecture. in Dirk Meyhöfer, Contemporary Japanese Architect. Benedikt Taschen Verlag GmbH.

Langhein, J. (2005). Proportion and Traditional Architecture. International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture and Urbanism Essay. Tersedia di http://www.intbau.org/archive/essay10.htm [5 Januari 2012].

Leopold, C. (2003). Principles of a Geometry Program for Architecture Experiences, Examples, and Evaluations. Journal for Geometry and Graphics Volume 7 (2003), No. 1, hal.101-110.

Mochsen, M. (2005). Tipologi Geometri: Telaah Beberapa Karya Frank L. Wright dan Frank O. Gehry (Bangunan Rumah Tinggal sebagai Obyek Telaah). RONA Jurnal Arsitektur FT-Unhas Volume 2 No. 1, April 2005, hal. 69-83.

Psarra, S. (1997). Geometry and Space in the Architecture of Le Corbusier and Mario Botta. Proceedings of the International Space Syntac Symposium 1 (University College London, London, UK.1997), halaman 32.1-32.29

Putro, S.G. (2010). A Box That Provekes: Ekplorasi Sekuens Ruang Berdasarkan Gagasan Arsitektur Tadao Ando. Jurnal Teori dan Desain Arsitektur Volume 4 No. 1. Tersedia di www.arsitektur.net [11 Desember 2010].

The Pritzker Architecture Prize. (1995). Tadao Ando Biography. Tersedia di [13 Juli 2012].




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/arcade.v2i1.19

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

PUBLISHER ADDRESS:
Department of Architecture, Universitas Kebangsaan,  Jl. Terusan Halimun No.37, Lkr. Sel., Lengkong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40263. E-mail address: jurnalarsitekturarcade@gmail.com

Free counters!