STUDI PENGARUH BAHAN PENUTUP ATAP TERHADAP KONDISI TERMAL PADA RUANG ATAP

Amat Rahmat, Eddy Prianto, Setia Budi Sasongko

Abstract


Abstract:. The uncomfortable thermal conditions in the building are complained of by the inhabitants due to the inappropriate selection of roofing materials, thus making the building unable to achieve the expected thermal conditions. Selection of appropriate roofing material will help in air cooling process and minimize energy use for cooling space. This study was conducted to determine the thermal conditions of roof space generated from various types of roofing materials that have been determined. The study object of this study is the roof space in residential buildings with a saddle roof shape with a slope of 30O roof angle. Roofing material is tile, asbestos and zinc. The results data show that the average thermal spaces of roof space on tile roofs are 1.91OC-2.31OC lower than the asbestos roof and zinc. Roof tile is also more able to withstand the sun's heat radiation. The average surface tile roof temperature is 0.28˚C lower than the surface temperature of the asbestos roof and 1.55˚C lower than the zinc roof surface temperature. However, the average profile of the lowest roof surface temperature during the daytime is on the asbestos roof (38.71˚C).

 

Keyword: Roofing material, Thermal condition, Roof room

 

Abstrak: Kondisi termal yang tidak nyaman pada bangunan banyak dikeluhkan oleh penghuni karena pemilihan material atap yang tidak sesuai, sehingga menjadikan bangunan tidak dapat mencapai kondisi termal yang diharapkan. Pemilihan material penutup atap yang tepat akan membantu di dalam proses pendinginan udara serta meminimalisir penggunaan energi untuk pendinginan ruang. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kondisi termal ruang atap yang dihasilkan dari berbagai jenis bahan material atap yang sudah ditentukan. Objek studi dari penelitian ini adalah ruang atap pada bangunan rumah tinggal dengan bentuk atap pelana dengan kemiringan sudut atap 30O. Bahan penutup atap adalah genteng, asbes dan seng. Data hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata termal ruang atap pada atap genteng lebih rendah 1.91OC-2.31OC dari atap asbes dan seng. Atap genteng juga lebih dapat menahan radiasi panas matahari. Rata-rata nilai temperatur permukaan atap genteng lebih rendah 0.28˚C dari temperatur permukaan atap asbes dan 1.55˚C lebih rendah dari temperature permukaan atap seng. Namun rata-rata profil temperatur permukaan atap terendah saat siang hari adalah pada atap asbes  (38.71˚C).

Kata Kunci: Bahan penutup atap, Kondisi termal, Ruang atap

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31848/arcade.v1i1.12

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Department of Architecture, Universitas Kebangsaan,  Jl. Terusan Halimun No.37, Lkr. Sel., Lengkong, Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40263. E-mail address: jurnalarsitekturarcade@gmail.com

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